Bachelor of Dental Surgery
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Conscious sedation is described as a regulated, pharmacologically induced, minimally depressed level of consciousness that retains the ability of the patient to independently and continuously maintain a patent airway, with the ability to respond properly to physical stimulation and/or verbal command.Conscious sedation is defined as a depressed level of consciousness during which a patient retains control over his protective reflexes and can respond to commands. This type of anesthesia is being used more frequently for outpatient dermatologic and cosmetic surgery, and is particularly relevant in laser rejuvenation. Sedation renders a patient less mobile than simply injecting a local anesthetic or using topically applied cream, thereby decreasing the risks of complications from the surgical procedure. A combination of propofol, a nonbarbiturate anesthetic, and fentanyl, an opioid agonist, is often used. The nonbarbituate anesthetic provides amnesia as well as mental detachment from the the procedure.